Hi friends today i am going to share a article which is totally dedicated to beginners. I have covered some basic networking concepts of Windows & Linux such as ip address management, mac address, cmd customization.

It is possible to connect two or more Computers or other Electronics devices for the mean of data exchange. Connected devices can talk to each other in a group, this group is called as a computer network. A computer network is a netwoek in which all devices are connected via a form of communication technology. Data is transferred in the form of packets.

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Type of address in a computer.

 

In computer there are basically two types of address……

 

1) Logical address — It is the temporary address of a computer (Internet Protocol Address (IP Address))
2) Physical address — It is the permanent address of a computer ( Media Access Control address (MAC Address))

 

HOW TO CHANGE IP ADDRESS IN WINDOWS ?

 

To change the ip address of a windows machine follow these simple steps–

 

Step 1)-– First of all go to settings and click on control panel

 

window ip address

 

Step 2)– Here you find an option Network and Internet, click on it.

 

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Step3)  Now click on Network and Sharing Center.

 

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Step 4)– Now click on Local area connection(if LAN cable is connected) or WiFi (if you are connected to Wi-fi)  As in my case i was connected to WIFi.

 

 

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Step 5)– Click on properties.

 

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Step 6)– Now double click on Internet Protocol Version 4(TCP/IPv4).

 

win tricks

 

 

Step 7) Now here you can assign or change ip address of your computer

 

ip

 

How to check ip-address in windows

 

Open Command Prompt (CMD) in your computer. (win + R and type cmd)

 

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Enter the command ==> ipconfig and then press enter.

 

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For more details enter this command  ==> ipconfig/all

 

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||Partition Management in Linux.

 

HOW TO CHECK MAC ADDRESS IN WINFDOWS ?

 

Open cmd and type command –>

 

 getmac

mac

HOW TO CHECK MAC ADDRESS OF REMOTE COMPUTER IN WINDOWS?

 

Open cmd and type command –>

 

netstat  -a  (ipaddress of remote computer)

HOW TO CUSTOMIZE COMMAND PROMPT (CMD)–

 

First of all open  CMD.

 

Right click on cmd tray and click on properties

 

CMD

It will open a new tab . here you can customize Font, Layout, Colors, Cursor size, Command History, Edit option etc.

 

CMD

 

 

How to check ip address in Linux –>

 

It’s very easy to check ip address in Linux. Let’s do it step by step ==>

Open terminal in Linux

Enter command ==> #ifconfig

 

linux ip

 

How to change ip address in Linux ?

To change the ip-address in Linux just follow step by step process as mentioned below.

 

step 1

 

Open terminal and enter command

#setup

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Step 2

 

Now a new panel will open with various options. Click on Network configuration and click on run tool.

 

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Step 3

 

Select Device conifguration ==>

 

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Step 4

 

select your ethernet port ==>

 

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Step 5

 

Now here you can assign or change ip-address of your Linux machine.

 

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Step 6

 

Use below command to update the network configuration.

 

linux ip

 

Conclusion

So we have learned some windows & Linux basices. If you are new to Linux then this tutorial is very benificial for you. Hope you like this article. Do follow us for more Linux articles and don’t forget to share this article on Facebook & Twitter.