Hi friends today i am going to share a article which is totally dedicated to beginners. I have covered some basic networking concepts of Windows & Linux such as ip address management, mac address, cmd customization.
It is possible to connect two or more Computers or other Electronics devices for the mean of data exchange. Connected devices can talk to each other in a group, this group is called as a computer network. A computer network is a netwoek in which all devices are connected via a form of communication technology. Data is transferred in the form of packets.
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Type of address in a computer.
In computer there are basically two types of address……
1) Logical address — It is the temporary address of a computer (Internet Protocol Address (IP Address))
2) Physical address — It is the permanent address of a computer ( Media Access Control address (MAC Address))
HOW TO CHANGE IP ADDRESS IN WINDOWS ?
To change the ip address of a windows machine follow these simple steps–
Step 1)-– First of all go to settings and click on control panel
Step 2)– Here you find an option Network and Internet, click on it.
Step3) Now click on Network and Sharing Center.
Step 4)– Now click on Local area connection(if LAN cable is connected) or WiFi (if you are connected to Wi-fi) . As in my case i was connected to WIFi.
Step 5)– Click on properties.
Step 6)– Now double click on Internet Protocol Version 4(TCP/IPv4).
Step 7) Now here you can assign or change ip address of your computer
How to check ip-address in windows
Open Command Prompt (CMD) in your computer. (win + R and type cmd)
Enter the command ==> ipconfig and then press enter.
For more details enter this command ==> ipconfig/all
HOW TO CHECK MAC ADDRESS IN WINFDOWS ?
Open cmd and type command –>
HOW TO CHECK MAC ADDRESS OF REMOTE COMPUTER IN WINDOWS?
Open cmd and type command –>
netstat -a (ipaddress of remote computer)
HOW TO CUSTOMIZE COMMAND PROMPT (CMD)–
First of all open CMD.
Right click on cmd tray and click on properties
It will open a new tab . here you can customize Font, Layout, Colors, Cursor size, Command History, Edit option etc.
How to check ip address in Linux –>
It’s very easy to check ip address in Linux. Let’s do it step by step ==>
Open terminal in Linux
Enter command ==> #ifconfig
How to change ip address in Linux ?
To change the ip-address in Linux just follow step by step process as mentioned below.
Open terminal and enter command
Now a new panel will open with various options. Click on Network configuration and click on run tool.
Select Device conifguration ==>
select your ethernet port ==>
Now here you can assign or change ip-address of your Linux machine.
Use below command to update the network configuration.
So we have learned some windows & Linux basices. If you are new to Linux then this tutorial is very benificial for you. Hope you like this article. Do follow us for more Linux articles and don’t forget to share this article on Facebook & Twitter.